The capital of Uruguay, Montevideo, was founded in 1726 by the Spanish governor of Buenos Aires, at the shore of the River Plate to establish a fortress in order to protect the country from attacks of the Portuguese and to secure the shipping in the Atlantic Ocean. Montevideo nowadays is a modern city which has gradually adapted to the demands of the twenty-first century without losing its identity. Close to 1,700,000 people, almost half of the population, live here, mostly of European origin. Many Spanish, Portuguese, Italian and German immigrants who settled in Montevideo contributed to the European flair. Montevideo is one of the few capitals in the world where you can see water from almost any point. The River Plate seems to be a sea and the “Rambla”, the 24 km riverfront road, is a must see for visitors and a pride for all Uruguayans. From the Port of Montevideo to Carrasco Stream, you can enjoy a varied scenery. The white sand and salty shallow beaches are suitable for bathing and make them ideal for children, and the elderlies alike. Apart from that the city offers a variety of interesting sites such as the historic old town, numerous museums, the Port Market or the Punta Gorda watch point.