Vibrant and diverse, BOGOTÁ is Colombia’s capital and commercial back-bone. This bustling metropolis mixes old and new, trendy and traditional, majestic and charming. Home to a dazzling array of museums, churches, colonial mansions and grand buildings, Bogotá observes a fine balance between historical past and forward momentum. Located in central Colombia at 8,660 ft. high in the Cordillera Oriental of the Andes Mountains, the world’s third largest capital, Bogotá was founded in August 1538 by the Spanish conqueror Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada. Captured by Simón Bolívar in 1819, it was the capital of the independent nation of Great Colombia that also included Ecuador, Panama, and Venezuela, and became the capital of present-day Colombia in 1830 when Great Colombia was dissolved. Today it rewards visitors with a heady cocktail of pre-Hispanic and colonial cultural attractions, hip enclaves of urban cool, world-class dining and exclusive shopping.